It is a long-cherished desire and aspiration of the humankind to eradicate all kinds of poverty and fully enjoy genuine civilization and well-being.
Hence, in 1992, the United Nations General Assembly designated October 17 as the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty and decided to observe the Day in a way of increasing activities for raising awareness of all countries, especially the developing countries for the need of eradicating poverty.
There are several reasons behind poverty, now a commonplace in developing countries, yet there is an underlying cause which should never ever be overlooked. That is the political and economic intervention by the outside forces.
Eradication of poverty which inhibits stability and development of the state and society and breeds social disorder, violence, civil wars and conflicts presupposes a guarantee of the sovereignty of country and nation and sustainable and self-supporting economic development.
But as we look around the world, sovereignty and dignity of many developing countries are openly violated by outside forces, with the result that social disorder and chaos, violence and conflicts are erupted, economic activities stagnated, production paralyzed and people are falling into the abyss of poverty.
In several countries like Libya, Syria and Afghanistan, where violation of their sovereignty had to be suffered by being entrapped into the outside forces’ plots of interfering in the internal affairs and overturning the governments, the state powers have been disrupted and these lead to the successive political upheavals, wars, conflicts and the rapidly increased number of the indigent and refugees.
Recently, high-level government officials and spokespersons of several countries including Belarus, Uganda and Democratic Congo strongly denounced that the outside forces are openly giving impetus to the opposition forces, inciting them to violence and extremes and that the Western diplomats are collectively making naked interference in, and posing threats to, their internal affairs in respect of constitutional mechanism and elections, and they expressed their positions that they would never let these actions go by.
The economic policies for neo-colonialist subjugation, domination and unilateral coercive measures towards the developing countries also constitute the root of poverty that stifles the global development and prosperity.
Last July, UN Secretary General noted that the remnants of colonialism are still left over within the current international trade system, and the developing countries, once under the colonial domination, are now facing a new form of colonialism whereby they are bound to produce only raw materials and low-level technical products.
Experts commented that international finance agencies, stocking-horses for specific countries, give the developed countries the preferential rights to access to cheap resources, labor forces, and market so that they could make huge profits, whereas they present impracticable loans to the developing countries, which the latter cannot possibly repay within the scope of their own financial and economic capabilities, and impose unbalanced economic relations, with the result that only vicious cycles of debt crisis and poverty are brought about.
In an interview with a news agency on September 25, spokesperson of the government of Uganda blamed that some specific countries are struggling to continue with the monopolization of their dominant position, economic interests and labor forces in Africa by abusing their technological and economic superiority, and pointed out that such domination is leaving the world only with the uninterrupted conflicts, chronic poverty, pain and miseries, without bringing a single-day peace.
As the current international situation shows, poverty eradication in the developing countries is not an issue only confined to the countries concerned but an international issue of comprehensive and very important nature to be concerned by whole world and to be addressed through collaboration of all countries.
Justice and prosperity are not anyone’s gift, and they never come by chance.
Only when the developing countries join their hands to counter the political and economic intervention by outside forces and achieve durable economic self-reliance, will it be possible to have successes in poverty eradication.
Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
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